Over time, roads deteriorate due to poor drainage and heat from sunlight. Vehicle traffic also contributes to this destruction, and that is why roads require regular maintenance. As each vehicle passes on a road surface, it causes a small deformation that may or may not be noticeable. However, it is significant. The strain may also depend on the characterisation of the road surface. As many more cars pass on the same area a cumulative effect occurs, that leads to permanent deformation and further road cracking.
Light Vehicles Vs. Heavy Vehicles
Generally, light personal and commercial vehicles will have a relatively smaller contribution to road damage compared to heavy vehicles. In addition to the weight of the heavy vehicle, the load they carry will have a significant contribution to road destruction. This load is calculated as the load per heavy vehicle axle.
When determining the level of damage, there are various factors considered. The weight of each axle loads and spacing of the axles, the number of wheels the truck has, the speed the truck is moving at, the contact pressures of the tyres and as mentioned above, the characterisation of the road surface.
The vehicle manufacturer has recommended specific tyre pressures for heavy vehicles. Overinflating or underinflating can have adverse effects. Overinflating may result in an increase of contact stress between the tyre and the road. When measured, the vertical contact stress usually exceeds the tyre inflation pressure by a small percentage.
If you underinflate your tires and overload your truck at the same time, you will exceed the inflation pressure mentioned above, and therefore, cause contact stresses. These stresses lead to the premature destruction of road surfaces and also the damaging of your tyres. Rough roads incur the worst damage, where the clearance of smaller vehicles may not be enough for it to pass on that particular damaged road without contact.
As indicated above, roads may eventually deteriorate, but after a long period. Overloading, underinflating and overinflating will shorten this duration leading to premature destruction of roads and tyres. When compared, a heavy bulk haulage vehicle carrying the recommended load and correctly inflated according to the manufacturer will cause less damage than an overloaded heavy vehicle with underinflated or overinflated tyres.
Overloading makes a vehicle unstable and difficult to steer. It can also make your truck take longer before coming to a stop. In the case of a huge truck, the probability that an accident occurs is very high. Accidents can cause injury, death, and even further destruction of roads and roadside accessories.
Hello, my name is Carl and this is my construction and contractor blog. I do not work in the construction business but last year, my wife and I had a lot of work carried out on our summer home which is located on the Gold Coast. Winter storms had damaged the roof and a couple of seabirds had made a nest in there. The place was a real mess but thankfully the contractors did a great job of repairing the roof and fixing up the damage to the loft space. I learn a lot during the repairs so I decided to start a new blog. Enjoy!